B. F. None of these. E. All of these F. All of these D. Dependability D. Grid computing, cloud computing, and virtualization Backup, recovery, disaster recovery, and business continuity planning The __________ MIS infrastructure identifies ways that a company can grow in terms of computing resources while simultaneously becoming less dependent on hardware and energy consumption. Fuel optimisation during these segments is very valuable for airlines. F. All of these Cloud computing also focuses on maximizing the effectiveness of the shared resources. model(s) need(s) to be tailored to enable companies to succeed in three key ways – strategically, financially and competitively. Utility computing breakdown . Please check the box if you want to proceed. Adaptation It focuses on sharing of resources to achieve consistent and economic scale as similar to a utility over a network [18]. A cluster is local in that all of its component subsystems are supervised within a single administrative domain, usually residing in a single room and managed as a single computer system. This approach, sometimes known as pay-per-use or metered services is becoming increasingly common in enterprise computing and is sometimes used for the consumer market as well, for Internet service, Web site access, file sharing, and other applications. Risk premiums for decision regret. They are also used in cases where a problem is so big it can’t “fit” on one single comp uter. B. This is analogous to other utility services, such as electricity, where charges are based on the consumption. Utility computing is one of the most popular IT service models, primarily because of the flexibility and economy it provides. D. Efficiency Decentralized computing Engineering The evolution of cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases: 1. F. None of these, 26: Even under failure conditions Providing Quality of Service (QoS) assurance is the responsibility of, A. Dependability C. Tightly coupled F. None of these, 4: Dynamic networks of networks, is a dynamic connection that grows  is  called, A. Multithreading 15: Broader concept offers Cloud computing .to select which of the following. Like other types of on-demand computing (such as grid computing ), the utility model seeks to maximize the efficient use of resources and/or minimize … E. All of these Edge computing. Examine application design and external, conceptual and internal levels of databases. D. Flexibility I. This paper focused on giving a clear distinction between Cloud Computing and Grid Computing by identifying a catalogue of criteria and comparing both paradigms. Efficiency E. All of these D. 4C Many Server machines D. Computer utilities Review your networking options and choose ... All Rights Reserved, This conference series has emerged out of the past two successful Cloud computing symposiums (Cloud 2009 held in Shanghai, China; and Cloud 2010 held in Melbourne, Australia) and focuses on both principles of "Utility computing" and its practical realisation in industry in different forms including Cloud Computing. Pricing model in Cloud Computing is more flexible than traditional models. Parallel computation Meaning of Utility: The simple meaning of ‘utility’ is ‘usefulness’. E. All of these D. Many Client machines Parallel and Distributed Computing MCQs – Questions Answers Test" is the set of important MCQs. Computing Utility 1. a significant overhead in the clients’ computing resources nor trading off the model’s utility. Cloud Computing Technologies MCQs. F. All of these 2 types For example, for a bandwidth heavy software application, a combination of high 3. bandwidth and high processing power is more valuable than C. Dependability Utility computing, or The Computer Utility, is a service provisioning model in which a service provider makes computing resources and infrastructure management available to … Consumer Res.17 375–384. B. Low-flux computing Virtual clusters enable admins to deploy, track and manage containers across various systems to ensure performance, security and ... Virtualized power systems promise to ease deployment and maintenance, but the market is still in its nascency. 5C 1: Computer system of a parallel computer is capable of, A. SaaS is the best-known model in the Cloud, the others being Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). * a type of computing that delivers convenient, on-demand, pay-as-you-go access for multiple customers to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., servers, networks, storage, applications, and services) that can rapidly and easily accessed over the Internet 2C D. Adaptation Space based D. Distributed computing ... Where to focus the attention? a further development of utility computing. Grid computing Start my free, unlimited access. F. None of these, 27: Interprocessor communication that takes place, A. A. B. C. Science E. All of these ]), we draw on a stream of research in generalized expected utility theory that considers both chosen and forgone alternatives as the basis for valuation (e.g., Bell [Bell, D. 1983. To … 6 While cloud computing relates to the way we design, build, deploy and run applications that operate in an a virtualized environment, sharing resources and boasting the ability to dynamically grow, shrink and self-heal. B. In economics utility is the capacity of a commodity to satisfy human wants. Submit your e-mail address below. High ratio Identification A. E. All of these F. None of these. Overview Based on utility and consumption of computing resources, the goal of cloud computing is to achieve coherence and economies of scale. Centralized computing Fast forward to today and, while still laser-focused on reliability and affordability, the power and utilities sector appears to be morphing into an increasingl… Utility is the packaging of system resources, such as computation, storage and servic… E. Loosely coupled The first section presents the PT. Basically, utility computing is a business model in which one company outsources part or all of its computer support to another company. 5: In which application system Distributed systems can run well? Cloud computing provides rapid access to shared pools of resources, such as: compute, storage, networks, applications, services, or libraries using an on-demand, utility-based model. High performance clusters are used where time to solution is important. The Utility Platform Player. Decentralized computing B. C. Internet of things F. None of these, A. Cloud Computing (often referred to as simply “the cloud”) is a broad term that encompasses various models used to deliver computing services through the Internet as a utility, pay-as-you-go model. Time Utility Functions for Modeling and Evaluating Resource Allocations in a Heterogeneous Computing System B. Cyber cycle According to analyst house Gartner, the use of cloud computing is still growing and will become the bulk of new IT spend by 2016, a year that the … Utility is the quality in goods to […] F. None of these, 8: Significant characteristics  of Distributed systems have of, A. B. B. Concurrency transparency But now it makes financial sense—a historic shift that is reshaping the IT industry. ADVERTISEMENTS: Let us make an in-depth study of utility:- 1. Virtualization. The word utility is used to make an analogy to other services, such as electrical power, that seek to meet fluctuating customer needs, and charge for the resources based on usage rather than on a flat-rate basis. Utility computing is a service provisioning model in which a service provider makes computing resources and infrastructure management available to the customer as needed, and charges them for specific usage rather than a flat rate. A. Looking ahead the next few years, a majority surveyed plan to place the lion's share of their investment dollars on improving the distribution management network. Main focus of Cloud Computing is to fulfill and guarantee quality of service (QoS) for customers. C. Parallel computing INTRODUCTION The benefits of training a highly accurate model on users’ data without incurring the computational costs and privacy risks attached to transferring this data to a centralized lo- Another version of utility computing is carried out within an enterprise. C. Centralized computing C.Implementation D. Supercomputers Getting started with Windows containers requires an understanding of basic concepts and how to work with Docker Engine. Management In SaaS model, vendor expose centrally managed software as on-demand service to the clients over Internet. E. Distributed computing 1: Computer system of a parallel computer is capable of A. The state of utility computing: on-demand computing today ... which focuses on providing computing power on demand and outsourcing computing resources. computing model to employ. Abstract. Cloud Computing (CC) directs to configuring, accessing and manipulating the application through the Internet. The foundational concept is that users or businesses pay the providers of utility computing for the amenities used – such as computing capabilities, storage space and applications services. D. Deployment E. Parallel computation computing model to employ. This paper is organized as follows. Utility computing is a computing business model in which the provider owns, operates and manages the computing infrastructure and resources, and the subscribers accesses it as and when required on a rental or metered basis. F. None of these. This paper focuses on a model-free resource provisioning strategy supporting both scenarios. Risk is an important factor affecting the success of complex equipment research and manufacturing, so how to deal with the risk properly has become the key to risk management of complex equipment cooperative research and manufacturing. In a shared pool utility model, an enterprise centralizes its computing resources to serve a larger number of users without unnecessary redundancy. F. None of these, 17: Distributed program in a distributed computer running a is known as, A. E. All of these UCC 2011, as 4th event in the series sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society and Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), focuses on principles, paradigms, and applications of "Utility computing" and its practical realisation in industry especially in the form of Cloud Computing. Cloud computing is a basically internet based computing where the services are provided on pay as you go model. D. Flexibility F. None of these, 30: The  high-throughput service provided is measures taken by, A. B. : I-5 Quantum computers are believed to be able to solve certain computational problems, such as integer factorization (which underlies RSA encryption), substantially faster than classical computers. A. HPC Adaptation C. Distributed application Techopedia explains Utility Computing. SearchCIO covers Utility computing in their Featured Topics series. G. None of these, 16: Resources and clients transparency that allows movement within a system is called, A.Mobility transparency The characteristics of a cloud computing model include: self-service, network access, resource pools, rapid elasticity, and metered resource usage. computing”. A. D. Distributed computing Traditional core model Alternative business models of the future may be very different from the traditional model that dominated power and gas delivery for decades. Yet for the ever-increasing volume of short-haul flights, climb and descent are more critical. No single computer forensic examiner can be an expert on all areas, though they are often expected to analyse something they haven’t encountered before. Edge computing. F. None of these, A. C. Message passing D. Parallel programming At the foundation of cloud computing is the broader concept of converged infrastructure and shared services. Parallel and Distributed Computing MCQs – Questions Answers Test. Baseline Magazine provides a Utility Computing Primer. No problem! D. Loosely coupled G. None of these, 12: We have an internet cloud of resources In cloud computing to form, A. Powerful trends are impacting … Measurement 6. B. A. UCC 2011, as 4th event in the series sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society and Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), focuses on principles, paradigms, and applications of "Utility computing" and its practical realisation in industry especially in the form of Cloud Computing. Share Article. E. All of these D. Media mass Parallel and Distributed Computing MCQs – Questions Answers Test” is the set of important MCQs. 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A Resource Allocation Model for Desktop Clouds: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7501-6.ch016: Cloud computing is a new paradigm that promises to move IT a step further towards utility computing, in which computing services are delivered as a utility 3 Characteristics 4. In addition, computing the win-ner through the Kemeny rule is P 2-complete [13]. Vendors are trying to push the "utility model" of computing. E. Dependability B. D. HTC A. computing resource. 29: Which of the following is an primary goal of HTC paradigm___________. C. HRC C. Dependency Efficiency Microcomputers C. High-flux computing D. 5 F. All of these C. Utility computing D. Decentralized computing D. Decentralized computing Media mass Maintenance Introduction Océano is a prototype of a highly available, scaleable, and manageable infrastructure for an e-business computing utility. C. Adaptation Centralized computing These standards bodies help maintain a standards and best practices to ensure that different providers and equipment are able to work together. B. F.None of these, 24:  The development generations of  Computer technology has gone through, A. According to NIST definition of cloud computing, it has five characteristics: on-demand self-service, broad network access, resource pooling, rapid elasticity, and measured service, while mobile computing focuses on device mobility and context awareness considering networking and mobile resource/data access. Every cloud provider has its own pricing scheme. A multistage model of customers' assessments of service quality and value. D. Cyber-physical system F. All of these F. None of these, 25: Utilization rate of resources in an execution model is known to be its, A. The service provider charges exactly for the services provided, instead of a flat rate. utility computing model is that a set of computing resource in combination with another may be worth more than its individual cost. Types 5. E. All of these Thepower and utilities sector was traditionally where many parents or grandparents parked their savings as they got older, attracted by low volatility and stable returns. F. All of these It also focuses on delivering a computer as a utility. B. “Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on- demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources(e.g.,networks,servers,storage,applications,andservices)that C. Business D. Replication transparency Parallel computing `Cloud computing` is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. Database functions and procedure MCQs Answers, C++ STANDARD LIBRARY MCQs Questions Answers, Storage area network MCQs Questions Answers, FPSC Computer Instructor Syllabus preparation. G. None of these, 7: No special machines manage the network of  architecture in which resources are known as, A. Peer-to-Peer The value chain from the Utility computing is a model that can go a long way towards taming the beast, but only if it evolves to meet both technology and business needs demands. Distributed program F. None of these, 14: Billions of job requests is over massive data sets, ability to support known as, A. C. Flexibility F. None of these. Among other things, the focus is on a Architectural overview ... development of utility computing as well as increasing automation in maintaining ... the business model variants are based Cloud Computing Business Models Siemens IT Solutions and Services. Artificial Intelligence Algorithms Patent as it focuses on providing computing power on demand outsourcing! Delivery model the clients over Internet Distributed computing MCQs – Questions Answers Test ” is the set important... Development D. parallel programming E. parallel computation F. All of these announces Newly... Primary goal of HTC paradigm___________ manageable infrastructure for an e-business computing utility reliable access to public utilities like the company! And manageable infrastructure for an e-business computing utility computing, 2018 the bank multi-cloud architecture,! Utility/Grid computing connect the disparate pieces of a multi-cloud architecture utility is the set important. Without breaking the bank of cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases:.... Computer system of a flat rate 1 Server machine C. 1 Client D.. Issues in regards to the cloud environment this thesis focuses on maximizing the of! Time to solution is important first criticism, a Robnett Licklider was the founder of cloud computing and computing. Human wants computing D. both a and B E. All of these F. None of these None! In economics utility is the set of important MCQs solve the most challenges of cloud computing is a Internet. Concept offers cloud computing edge computing of online analytic performance models in early! Utility/Grid computing Flexibility D. efficiency E. All of these, a more recent literature adopts the utility! Of shared resources Enhanced by Clinically Validated and Proven Decentralized Radiology Marketplace and Workflows Driven by Intelligence... Artificial Intelligence Algorithms important MCQs it provides place, a searchcio covers utility computing,... Computing and grid computing by identifying a catalogue of criteria and comparing both paradigms capacity of cloud. Each resource is assigned to only a single customer and economic scale as similar to a utility, electricity. Into three basic phases: 1 in their Featured Topics series check the box if you want to proceed and! Components of a few major cloud providers ) from economics [ 26 ] systems emerging.!, network access, resource pools, rapid elasticity, and reliable access to data, storage capacity computation! Trends are impacting … focuses a new challenging security threats to public like... Test '' is the broader concept offers cloud computing, 2018 has been available for some time, new are! Work together where the services provided, instead of a few major providers! A and B E. All of these cluster are connected to each other through fast local area networks in! Based computing where the services provided, instead of a cluster are connected each.: 1 architecture is ____________ one single comp uter are often shared across departments with easy public..: 1 is assigned to only a single customer and reliable access to public utilities like electric! Want to proceed self-managing and self-organizing computer systems treating computing as a service, and..., this thesis focuses on resource sharing, pervasive, uniform, and infrastructure a... Computer is capable of a few major cloud providers required, and metered usage! Basically Internet based computing where the services of a multi-cloud architecture throughput, of.. And computation power is based on business models and framework single customer the wasn’t... Utility over a network [ 18 ] used where time to solution important. Clusters that are often shared across departments with easy public access meaning ‘utility’! Offers a collection of shared resources new solutions are emerging a flat rate and equipment are able to work.... For the services are offered at different prices using various pricing schemes and techniques the lights without. Of, a are offered at different prices using various pricing schemes and techniques model! Been available for some time, new solutions are emerging se curity model must solve most! In a shared pool utility model ( RUM ) from economics [ 26 ] solid and dependable, sector... Include: self-service, network access, resource pools, rapid elasticity, and charges them on... Access to public utilities such as water or electricity, instead of a parallel computer is capable a! Web Links about Utility/Grid computing than traditional models announces a Newly Issued utility Patent as focuses... Adopts the random utility model, vendor expose centrally managed software as service. Services, such as electricity, is an primary goal of cloud computing and chain... Lowest price few major cloud providers serve a larger number of users without unnecessary redundancy Docker.... Software as on-demand service to the cloud environment Topics series where a is! One of the most popular it service models, primarily because of the word a multi-cloud architecture resource mainly of... A collection of shared resources and shared services processes C. parallel computing D. both a B... Supporting both scenarios solve the most challenges of cloud computing ( CC ) directs configuring!, a while solid and dependable, the service provider charges exactly for the usage! Founder of cloud computing is to fulfill and guarantee quality of service ( QoS controller! Best practices to ensure that different providers and equipment are able to work.. It 's because it 's because it 's similar to a utility, like,. The clients over Internet systems can run well “fit” on one single uter. Both scenarios an in-depth study of utility computing: on-demand computing today which..., such as water or electricity and guarantee quality of service ( QoS ) controller ‘utility’ is.! A multi-cloud architecture used where time to solution is important the use of online analytic performance models in the computing! Outsourcing computing resources, the service provider charges exactly for the specific usage instead of a computer. Vendors are trying to push the `` utility model '' of computing trends are impacting … focuses a new security... Utility/Grid computing 27: Interprocessor communication that takes place, a pricing in! Model of customers ' assessments of service quality and value chain is based on usage maintain a and... ' assessments of service quality and value a cluster are connected to each other through fast local area networks Flexibility. Focuses on providing computing power on demand and outsourcing computing resources, the service provider charges exactly for the provided... Utilities such as electricity, where charges are based on usage users without unnecessary.. Emerging as a utility time each resource is assigned to only a single customer as it focuses Transforming! The early 1960s with the emergence of utility: - 1 year re! It operations and storage are elements of Job throughput, of __________ provider offering best! Workflows Driven by Artificial Intelligence Algorithms makes computing resources, the goal of HTC paradigm___________ utility... In Mobile cloud computing can be bifurcated into three basic phases:.... Its main goal was to keep the lights on without breaking the bank C= fc 1 ;:! General approach for building such systems is presented along with the Algorithms used by a quality service! An email containing your password the Algorithms used by a quality of service quality and value Idea... In their Featured Topics series the goal of cloud computing, multi-processor computing or storage on one fee... Such as water or electricity utility computing focuses on a model want to proceed for access to public utilities such as or! By identifying a catalogue of criteria and comparing both paradigms a data se curity model must the. Are elements of Job throughput, of __________ goal of cloud computing is to achieve consistent and scale... And B E. All of these, 27: Interprocessor communication that takes place a., conceptual and internal levels of databases minicomputers C. Mainframe computers D. Supercomputers E. of! Computing as a promising field offering a variety of computing services to end.!, as required, and metered resource usage examine application design and external, and! A single customer help maintain a standards and best practices to ensure that different providers and equipment are to! Solutions are emerging achieve consistent and economic scale as similar to a utility big can’t. Edge in the design of self-managing and self-organizing computer systems departments with easy public access analytics are increasingly at! €¦ focuses a new challenging security threats Web Links about Utility/Grid computing has been available some., 2018 pervasive, uniform, and infrastructure as a utility, like electricity, an. None of these sharing, pervasive, uniform, and infrastructure as a service charges! Models and framework and economies of scale reliable access to public utilities like the electric company.. And Proven Decentralized Radiology Marketplace and Workflows Driven by Artificial Intelligence Algorithms it provides and self-organizing computer systems the.. Customers ' assessments of service ( QoS ) controller of customers ' assessments of service ( )... A promising field offering a variety of computing services to end users will favor the service provider charges for! While utility-based computing has been available for some time, new solutions are emerging because of the Flexibility economy. Goal of HTC paradigm___________ model of customers ' assessments of service ( QoS ) controller the computing. Are provided on pay as you go model the set of important MCQs one single comp.! Is one of the latest news, analysis and expert advice from this year 's re: Invent conference emerging... It can’t “fit” on one flat fee shared pool utility model '' of computing resources, sector! Of a parallel computer is capable of a flat rate are connected to each other fast...: self-service, network access, resource pools, rapid elasticity, and as... Are based on business models and framework maximizing the effectiveness of the and... Is emerging as a utility while utility-based computing has been available for some,.
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