[6] The sarus crane is widely believed to pair for life, but cases of "divorce" and mate replacement have been recorded. They picked up the dead bird by its hands and jaws One which I kept, when bread and milk was given to him, would take the bread out of the milk, and wash it in his pan of water before eating it. The species was a close contender to the Indian peafowl as the national bird of India. In the first 4 lines, there is an exaggeration in the description. The beautiful, graceful bird was just a piece of meat for him. [3][17][27] The conversion of wetlands to farmland, and farmland to more urban uses are major causes for habitat loss and long-term population decline. Janaki Lenin October 26, 2019 16:40 IST Updated: October 25, 2019 15:45 IST Sarus cranes are the only resident breeding crane in India. b. heartlessness of the hunters. [81], An estimated 15–20,000 mature sarus cranes were left in the wild in 2009. The crane was a bird of omen. [22] The third record is a one-month study that provides details of 32 nests located within 10-km around Morr Morr cattle station in the Gilbert River floodplains. bella. Answer: This may reduce available foraging habitat for cranes, and may increase conflict with farmers in the remaining, few crop fields. The weight of nominate race individuals is 6.8–7.8 kg (15–17 lb), while five adults of A. a. sharpii averaged 8.4 kg (19 lb). To a Pair of Sarus Cranes by Manmohan Singh About the Author: Manmohan Singh, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service, is a contemporary poet. [8], The species has historically been widely distributed on the lowlands of India along the Gangetic plains, extending south to the Godavari River, west to coastal Gujarat, the Tharparkar District of Pakistan,[9] and east to West Bengal and Assam. In the tale of Ibycus and the cranes, a thief attacked Ibycus (a poet … Thus, Australian sarus cranes average about 25% lighter than the northern counterparts and are marginally lighter on average than brolgas. A study conducted at the Rome zoo noted that these birds were resistant to anthrax. [24], The species has been extirpated in Malaysia and the Philippines. It returns to the spot when the hunter goes away. A wave of the seas she had never seen/came to her from far away/ and carried her to him. In this manner, the majestic neck has humbled the hunter. [48] They are omnivorous, eating insects (especially grasshoppers), aquatic plants, fish (perhaps only in captivity[49]), frogs, crustaceans, and seeds. This bird, which was taken out of the King's palace at Lucknow, was very fierce towards strangers and dogs, especially if they were afraid of him. [24], The nests can be more than 2 m (6 ft) in diameter and nearly 1 m (3 ft) high. In areas with perennial water supply, as in the western plains of Uttar Pradesh, breeding pairs maintain perennial territories. In India, the bird is mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and northeast. Between 31 and 100% of nests with eggs can fail to hatch eggs for these reasons. [24] This high success rate is attributed to above-normal rainfall that year. c. the foolish act of the female bird. a. the sun was unwilling to rise. Male bird is ‘necking’. [12] While Indians held the species in veneration, British soldiers in colonial India hunted the bird, calling it the serious[38] or even cyrus. (a) sunrise. The Sarus Crane is not only largest of the 15 species of crane, but it is also the largest flying bird in the world: it can reach a height of 1.8 metres.. Its wingspan can be up to 2.4 metres (8 ft) and its weight 8.4 kg (18.5 lb). Question 1. [3][14] The sarus used to extend to Thailand and further east into the Philippines, but may now be extinct in both these countries. Please do not substitute this template. “Sarus cranes generally make habitats in marshy places like wetlands. [27][68][69][70], Breeding success (percentage of eggs hatching and surviving to fledging stage) has been estimated to be about 20% in Gujarat[71] and 51–58% in south-western Uttar Pradesh. The sarus cranes in India (referred to as A. a. antigone) are the largest, and in the east from Myanmar is replaced by a population that extends into Southeast Asia (referred to as A. a. sharpii). Answer: It goes on expressing its sorrow to anyone who could understand. In Nepal, its distribution is restricted to the western and central lowland plains, with most of the population occurring in Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, and Nawalparasi districts. hyacinth has spread in the pond. This video will explain the poem in detail. It is shown to be engaged in an impossible act, and yet the very attempt to do it shows the courage of the crane. Answer: [27] In captivity, birds breed only after their fifth year. This shows the agony and the despair of the bird. Answer: When it fell down dead, the hunter, without paying any attention to the beauty that was lost through his action, casually picked up the bird ‘hands and jaws’, crumpled it like a piece of paper and threw it into his bag without a second look at it. Increasing paddy fields accompanied by an increase in the network of irrigation canals during and prior to the Green Revolution may have facilitated increases in the distribution and numbers of sarus cranes due to an increase in reliable moisture levels in various locations in India. Discuss in pairs and then write the answers to the questions given below it. To a Pair of Sarus Cranes Poem Summary in English. Hunter shoots down a bird and picking it up, throws it into a washing bag. [18] Nest initiation in northern Queensland is also closely tied to rainfall patterns, with most nests being initiated immediately after the first major rains. [6] The cranes breed mainly during the monsoons in India (from July to October, although a second brood may occur),[44] and breeding has been recorded in all the months. a. callousness of the hunters. Having seen its mate shot dead by the hunters and being taken away, the female sarus is heartbroken. They are considered sacred and the birds are traditionally left unharmed,[55] and in many areas, they are unafraid of humans. The sarus crane (Grus antigone) is a large non-migratory crane found in parts of the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia and Australia.It is the tallest flying bird, and can grow to 1.8 m (5.9 ft) tall. How is the end of the female crane suggested in the poem? natural green The third is the "seasonally migratory" population, also primarily in the arid zone of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Juveniles have a yellowish base to the bill and the brown-grey head is fully feathered. [65] When alarmed, the parent cranes use a low korr-rr call that signals chicks to freeze and lie still. [82] Many farmers in India believe that these cranes damage standing crops,[13] particularly rice, although studies show that direct feeding on rice grains resulted in losses amounting to less than 1% and trampling could account for grain loss around 0.4–15 kilograms (0.88–33.07 lb). [12] Flocks of over 100 birds are also reported from Gujarat in India[45] and Australia. Breeding success in Australia has been estimated by counting the proportion of young-of-the-year in wintering flocks in the crop fields of Atherton Tablelands in north-eastern Queensland. [46] Breeding pairs in Australia similarly defend territories from neighbouring crane pairs, and nonbreeding birds are found in flocks frequently mixed with brolgas. You can Download To a Pair of Sarus Cranes Poem Questions and Answers Pdf, Notes, Summary Class 10 English Karnataka State Board Solutions to help you to revise complete Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. Read the following extract carefully. Killing a bird would lead to its surviving partner trumpeting for many days, and the other was traditionally believed to starve to death. The word can be interpreted in two different ways. [10] Sarus cranes are rare in West Bengal and Assam,[11] and are no longer found in the state of Bihar. According to the conservation status designations assigned by ICF, six of the species are considered endangered. He did not even give the chance to save himself. In India, they are considered symbols of marital fidelity, believed to mate for life and pine the loss of their mates, even to the point of starving to death. [51] Plant matter eaten includes tubers, corms of aquatic plants, grass shoots as well as seeds and grains from cultivated crops such as groundnuts and cereal crops such as rice. [3][69] Farmers in sarus crane wintering areas in Australia are beginning to use efficient methods to harvest crops, which may lead to lowered food availability. They are a symbol of marital virtue and in parts of Gujarat/India, it is a custom to take a newly wed couple to see a pair of sarus cranes. Farmers are also transitioning from field crops to perennial and tree crops that have higher returns. [24], Sarus cranes have loud, trumpeting calls, which as in other cranes, are produced by the elongated trachea that forms coils within the sternal region. [27] In areas where farmers are tolerant, nests in flooded rice fields and those in wetlands have similar rates of survival. [28] The nest is constructed within shallow water by piling up rushes, straw, grasses with their roots, and mud so that the platform rises above the level of the water to form a little island. [64] Compensating farmers for crop losses has been suggested as a measure that may help, but needs to be implemented judiciously so as not to corrupt and remove existing local traditions of tolerance. [32] Edward Blyth published a monograph on the cranes in 1881, in which he considered the "sarus crane" of India to be made up of two species, Grus collaris and Grus antigone. [6] Removal of eggs by farmers (to reduce crop damage) or children (in play),[27] or by migrant labourers for food[55] or opportunistic egg collection during trips to collect forest resources[68] are prominent causes of egg mortality. Loud, trumpeting calls are often incorporated into these displays. Answer: Paragraph: The cranes pair for life. Strong cultural ties to cranes and wetlands in South/Southeast Asia provide unique opportunities to engage people in the conservation of these intensely settled landscapes using the Sarus Crane as a flagship species, which in turn also benefits local communities and other species. Its so nice [4], The bare red skin of the adult's head and neck is brighter during the breeding season. [7], The sarus crane was formerly placed in the genus Grus, but a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2010 found that the genus, as then defined, was polyphyletic. The chicks are fed by the parents for the first few days, but are able to feed independently after that, and follow their parents for food. The species is venerated in India and legend has it that the poet Valmiki cursed a hunter for killing a sarus crane and was then inspired to write the epic Ramayana. The female bird hadn’t known grief or sadness before. [94] Eggs of the sarus crane are, however, used in folk remedies in some parts of India. [24], This species was described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae and placed it in the genus Ardea that included the larger herons. [15] A reasonably sized population of over 150 cranes has recently been discovered breeding in rice fields in the Ayeyarwadi delta, Myanmar, with additional cranes confirmed in the states of Kachin, Shan, and Rakhine. Breeding pairs maintain territories that are defended from other cranes using a large repertoire of calls and displays. [56][97], The young birds are easily reared by hand, and become very tame and attached to the person who feeds them, following him like a dog. [27] The largest known flocks are from the 29-km2 Keoladeo National Park[44] – with as many as 430 birds, and from unprotected, community-owned wetlands in Etawah, Mainpuri, Etah and Kasganj districts in Uttar Pradesh, ranging from 245–412 birds. 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