aurantiacus are unmistakable, smothering the neatly trimmed bushes at the roadside. We can do Crepe Myrtle, Jasmine, summer Magnolia, and all the other things that won’t grow here. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. With a distinct creamy white leaf margin surrounding a light green center and new growth featuring a pinkish-mauve tone, I was quite taken. Scientific name: Osmanthus fragrans. By the way, about that link to Dave’s Garden… On the forums, I have posted pictures of unknown obscure plants, and people have identified them amazingly fast! Osmanthus fragrans is associated with a number of Lunar legends in China, which makes it symbolic at the time of the Chinese Moon Festival which is held in September under the symbol of Osmanthus Flower and is also called Osmanthus Festival. I soon learned there was a catch to my visit. ( Log Out /  It’s the latter that’s attracted the plant hunter’s eye, for it’s this group that finds the orange and orange-red flowers. I ran across a form with contorted branches in Suzhou China. Synonyms: Olea fragrans, Olea ovalis, Osmanthus longibracteatus, Osmanthus macrocarpus. It would be frustrating without you! O. fragrans var. It is believed in traditional Chinese medicine that osmanthus … Osmanthus Flower Yams Read More » The flowers’ scent is especially powerful in the evening, so plant close to doors, windows and terraces to get the best from them in late summer and autumn. It is customary in Hong Kong for 5 star hotels to have a house fragrance, pumped into lobbies in heady clouds and sold at great expense in the gift shop. My recent aquire of three osmanthus fragrans var. Bean Paste Cake (Liang Gao) (凉糕) Bean Paste Cake is a traditional Han desert popular in Beijing … Keep in mind that sweet olives are one of the ten “traditional flowers of China” and this is a species planted in the millions. The flowers, in Chinese guì huā 桂花 (literally translated as ‘cinnamon flower’), can be used to make teas (guì huā chá 桂花茶), jams, soups, liqueurs, deserts, confectionery and medicines – a little like our own delicate elderflowers. A surname. I looked up Sweet Olive and Birmingham, Alabama just squeaks by with USDA Zone 7B http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/1450/#b . In a carnival-like atmosphere, Chinese citizens flock to sweet olive festivals to bask in the fragrance and glory of the plant. In Chinese herbal medicine a tea made from sweet olive bark is used to treat boils and carbuncles, whilst the essential oil is considered to have insect-repelling properties. The leaves are green to slightly silvered and the flowers white, cream or pale yellow and insignificant – similar in some ways to Elaeagnus ‘Quicksilver’ . Until that happens, southern nurserymen and landscapers are encouraged to take a new look at an old friend, the sweet smelling sweet olive. The most exciting recent introduction into the USA is ‘Fudingzhu’, or more popularly known as ‘Nanjing Beauty’. Paramount Plants are offering 3m tall bushes for £195 (I could be sorely tempted but the delivery cost would be an additional £95) and Chiltern Seeds are offering a packet of seeds for £2.99. In the mix of things, there are reports of many “colorful” leaf forms with some sporting red to burgundy to pink new growth. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. While never destined for the mass market, it boasts good fragrance and growth rate. You may find it as a dried tea, in syrup for baking Chinese desserts, or as a flavoring in wine for braised … Has a neutral, gentle personality and always speaks frankly about anything. The fragrance in a confined space would be superb. In the warmer parts of China, the plant continues to bloom non-stop throughout the winter to spring. burkwoodii : after Burkwood and Shipwith nursery in England, the raisers. Thank you for the beautiful blog and amazing, professional quality pictures and tantalizing descriptions. Ancient sweet olives are status symbols and the rich Chinese will spend thousands, tens of thousands and even hundreds of thousands of dollars to own a specimen tree. 1: 29 (1790). I had to deliver a presentation on “The Status and Use of Osmanthus fragrans in Southern USA Landscapes”. Cochinch. Knowing my interest in the species, my hosts made arrangements for me to visit Mr. Wang who is a carpenter by trade, but owns a small specialty nursery as a side business. Over many years, I’ve been working in southeastern China on various projects. Osmanthus Flower Jelly 桂花糕 By Ellen L. Published: 2017-09-18. Also called sweet olive or tea olive, the osmanthus fragrans flower has the mandarin name gui hua (桂花) and is one of the reputed 10 traditional flowers of China. The life and loves of a time-poor plantsman. There are now over 157 varieties of sweet olive in China divided into four main groups: Fragrans, Latifolius, Thunbergii, and Aurantiacus. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! I am The Frustrated Gardener and this is my blog. Osmanthus fragrans var. We can’t grow evergreens like that in Chicago. It’s very floriferous, white flowered, and is known to bloom quickly in the nursery container and over many months. In China, old sweet olive trees ( 桂花 ) are revered, signed and interpreted, and given holy attendance. Oregon State Univ. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. For more of a showy plant, track down the the orange-flowered variant, Osmanthus fragrans var. Tourists flock to gawk at their size and glory. It is a re-blooming orange flowering form of our age old Osmanthus fragrans. The flowering of sweet olive is much celebrated in China, with Hangzhou and Suzhou selecting it as their city flower. He will grow these into a big ball and retrieve a very high price for the ultimate specimen. Not sure if I have ever seen those. —Song Zhiwen, Tang Dynasty When osmanthus flowers exude their fragrance in autumn, it beckons one to remember the legend of the osmanthus tree on the moon that shades the moon goddess’s palace. Add flour, yeast and water to form a smooth dough. My colleagues in China told me about a particularly delicious desert made by stuffing a lotus root full of of sticky rice and glazing it with osmanthus jam. delavayi : after Abbè Jean Marie Delavay (1838-95), French missionary in China who introduced it to France in 1890. It’s unique appearance and refreshing taste has garnered a huge follower over decades of cultivation and consumption. Description from Flora of China. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. There’s a lot of that in China, and sweet olive is part of that effort. aurantiacus (photo Il Giardino). ( Log Out /  Dirr lists nine varieties, but there are others and none have taken the trade by storm. Veg. Osmanthus fragrans naturally occurs in the Eastern Himalaya, through China and into Taiwan and southern Japan, but is now widely planted throughout the warmer parts of Asia, the USA and Europe. I am a tiny bit jealous! I’ve seen O. fragrans ‘Zhusha Dangui’ in a sweet olive garden near Suzhou, China with flowers just a bit spent, but reddish orange enough to drive me to fighting the urge to liberate a cutting. Olea fragrans Thunberg ex Murray, Syst. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. There are numerous varieties in China and most have yet to find their way into commerce there or anywhere in the world. "fragrant osmanthus"; Chinese: 桂花, guìhuā, and 木樨, mùxī; Cantonese Yale: gwai fā; Shanghainese: kue ho ; Japanese: 木犀, mokusei; Hindi: सिलंग, silang), variously known as sweet osmanthus, sweet olive, tea olive, and fragrant olive, is a species native to Asia from the Himalayas through southern China (Guizhou, Sichuan and Yunnan) to Taiwan, southern Japan and Southeast Asia as far south as Cambodia and Thailand. Fragrances just as evocative, but that would not fetch a great sum in the hotel gift shops of Hong Kong. Although relatively new to British gardens, sweet olives have been cultivated in China for over 2,500 years, and are still an important part of the culture there. Osmanthus fragrans Lour., ; Fl. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Osmanthus Oolong is a fragrant green oolong infused with osmanthus flowers. Chinese Zodiac Folklore S19; Wedding Folklore S19; Fall 2018. 4 Healthy Osmanthus Tea Recipes. With the grand scale of development in China it’s not surpising that many ancient sweet olives have found themselves in the way. It was a Portuguese Jesuit missionary named João de Loureiro who first formally identified Osmanthus fragrans in around 1790, at the same time the first specimen arrived at Kew Gardens. Although it takes many years to produce a saleable specimen, he looks at this as a kind of Chinese retirement plan! Osmanthus flowers have a concentrated flavor. That sounds like fun Sandy. In fact quite the reverse. He is a Professor, Doctorate tutor of Botany and Landscape Plants of Nanjing Forestry University, Director of Research Centre of Osmanthus, N.F.U., and the Vice President, Sweet Osmanthus Branch of Chinese Flower Association. A beloved tea with a lovely scent and flavor it can also be used medicinally to promote healthy skin, lower blood pressure, counter stress, and reduce inflammation. 14, 57. Hello, Nice to see this, is this available anywhere else as Burncoose nursery do not have it in stock? aurantiacus is the orange-flowered form that one can find occasionally in the landscapes of the South and it’s a treasure when it reaches peak bloom and fragrance. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Osmanthus fragrans ‘Zhusha Dangui’ is more orange than red? This famous traditional tree is dotted by a large number of yellow clusters and grows naturally in southern China. The most exciting recent introduction into the USA is ‘Fudingzhu’, or more popularly known as ‘Nanjing Beauty’. campus: south (west) Milam. However it doesn’t really smell like peaches, instead it’s a more perfumed kind of smell. Mr. Wang wrestles very large and ancient trees from the mountains, cuts them back dramatically, and then brings them to his small patch of ground. Learn how your comment data is processed. However, they are never rooted as they are “weak” on their own roots and need a big tree to push the top to good size. Whether or not a true red exists in culture or in the wild is the stuff of legend, rumors and innuendo. aurantiacus led me to this writing. This clone is now at SFA and while it grows ever so slowly, it’s alive and well. ( Log Out /  Professors Xiang Qibai and Liu Yulian, Nanjing Forestry University, are coauthors of the Illustrated Monograph of the Sweet Osmanthus Cultivars in China – June 12, 2016. Common names: Tea Olive, Fragrant Olive, Sweet Olive, Kinmokusei in Japan. Osmanthus flowers fall on the moon, and the heavenly fragrance spreads beyond the clouds. ( Log Out /  The 2004 conference included one day of talks from international and Chinese lecturers and then, best of all, two days of touring gardens in Shuzhou and Hangzhou famous for the species. Osmanthus Oolong is a fragrant green oolong infused with osmanthus flowers. Osmanthus: from Greek osme, fragrance, and anthos, flowers. It is made of glutinous millet flour, soybean powder, sweetened bean paste, sugar, brown sugar or sweet red bean paste, sesame oil and osmanthus. Unnamed variety seen at Yong Feng Nursery near Ninghai, China in June 2016, Osmanthus fragrans ‘Qiannan Guifei’, Yong Feng Nursery, Ninghai, China, June 2016. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Initiation Rituals; Proverbs; Gestures; Superstitions; Tongue Twisters; Jokes; Winter 2018. However, it’s not often one steps out of a car onto the street in China to be greeted by a similar olfactory experience. Well, that seemed easy enough but I thought my knowledge the subject might be more or less summed up in a minute or two. We visited one nursery near Guangzhou that produces 1.5 million cutting grown plants per year! Osmanthus or guìhuā in Manadarin (桂花), is a sweet, fragrant flower native to East Asia. But in Hangzhou, one of northern China’s more elegant and green cities, the autumn air is now delicately infused with the smell of ripe peaches. An excellent poet. 16. Let me know which you decide: http://www.paramountplants.co.uk/plant/OSMANTHUSF/osmanthus-fragrans.html, http://www.chilternseeds.co.uk/item_931b_osmanthus_fragrans_seeds, Hi I love the sweet olive flower. ( Log Out /  Cute rabbits picnicking under the moonlight with osmanthus flowers, translation: Mid-Autumn Festival, 15th August For those who, like me, enjoy a bit of latin, the name osmanthus is derived from the Greek ‘osma’, meaning fragrant, and ‘anthos’, meaning flower. Osmanthus fragrans has been in cultivation in China for over 2000 years, well before it was ever introduced into the west in 1856. Chinese Mid Autumn Festival 中秋節 is coming around the corner! The most ancient plant known in China rests comfortably in the grounds of the Shengshui Temple, Nanzheng County, Shannxi Province and is over 2100 years old. Time is an interesting thing to a Chinese businessman – ancient trees are an investment. campus: on bank northeast of Withycombe Hall. aurantiacus, a plant your neighbours are very unlikely to have. Even moving at speed along the expressways of Taizhou, the pale orange flowers of Osmanthus fragrans var. These trees are dug, relocated, cut back, and given special attention for a decade or more before finding a permanent home. In this case, it didn’t take me long to see the small grafted variegated trees in the nursery. According to the reference, An Illustrated Monograph of the Sweet Osmanthus Cultivars in China, the cultivar name in Chinese is translated as "Heaven Fragrance Duplicate," indicating the intense fragrance of its flowers. Fortunately, with the help of my friends across the South, I managed a talk that acquainted our hosts with the plant in the USA, the dozen or so varieties available, its production in the nursery industry, and its use in southern landscapes. It is also widely planted in … Family: Oleaceae. I am in Zone 5 so you are right, it would not work here. Osmanthus fragrans (photo Apalachee Hills landscape) All osmanthus species are related to the olive, so the common name is appropriate. Unfortunately, the blooms only last a few days but you can spend the next twelve months in high anticipation. It’s no wonder then that Osmanthus fragrans is used so extensively in China for public landscaping. During one of my visits in 2004, I was invited by scientist Xiang Qibai of the Nanjing Forestry University to participate in the first International Sweet Osmanthus conference in Shanghai, China in early October, 2004. Sweet olive is not a small shrub or tree, reaching 12 metres in time. I so enjoy it. The most impressive tree that I’ve seen up close was the stately specimen in the landscape of Linggu Temple, Nanjing city, Jiangsu province and this dense-foliaged giant is over 20’ tall, sixty inches in circumference and sports a crown diameter of 25’. When I inquired about the “name” I learned he called it, ‘Yin Bian Cai Ye Gui’ which simply refers to it as a colorful leaf version. Osmanthus Flower Jelly, a traditional Chinese dessert filled with the colors of autumn and delicately scented with osmanthus flower. If so, please let me know and consider subscribing so that you don't miss out on my future trials and tribulations. Osmanthus Menu It’s forty feet in height and this mystical tree was planted by the Xiaohe himself, the Minister of the Han Dynasty. Chinese Name: 驴打滚 lǘ dǎ gǔn Flavor: sweet and tender Cook Method: steam This is one of best local food in Beijing and a classic dessert. In paper art style with its Chinese name on big round lantern, rabbits and osmanthus design elements Mid-autumn festival poster. Change ). Osmanthus yunnanensis in the Ruby Mize Garden – January 18, 2012. Welcome! Mmmm, I can smell them from here! In plant-hunting circles, one of the treasures yet to say hello in southern horticulture is the elusive red-flowered form of sweet olive, Osmanthus fragrans. In the UK, sweet olive is considered slightly tender, tolerating short spells below 0°C but preferring temperatures a little more on the balmy side. Its way into commerce there or anywhere in the hotel gift shops of Hong Kong 800 PLUS SYMBOLS,! 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Olea ovalis, osmanthus macrocarpus osmanthus species are related to the International Horticulture Society to be cooperation marketing! A saleable specimen, he looks at this as a kind of Chinese retirement plan at their size and of! Things like that traditional Chinese garden was established at Cornwall Park in 1996 to commemorate Hastings 15th. Landscape ) all osmanthus species are related to the point of being stubborn is. Which you decide: http: //www.chilternseeds.co.uk/item_931b_osmanthus_fragrans_seeds, Hi i love the sweet olive has a way. Produces 1.5 million cutting grown plants per year well before it was ever introduced into the west in 1856 festivals! Way to go in the South of England a warm wall might offer enough winter protection, a. To grow and damp leaves learned there was a catch to my visit Chinese name on big lantern... Wall might offer enough winter protection, otherwise a cool conservatory might a! 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