Thenceforth, the name was transferred, purely for reasons of pharmaceutical marketing. However, at least 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt, humans had already discovered the usefulness of castor seed oil and took Ricinus communis into cultivation. Castor seed oil is being used widely for various purposes. Myrmecochory is a beautiful example of how plants and animals have co-evolved to form mutually beneficial relationships: the ant is given a nutritious and reliable source of food while the plant's seeds are dispersed far enough to reduce competition between the seedlings and their parent. Acknowledgements The fruits add to the decorative looks of the plant but they eventually dry up as they ripen and explode to scatter their highly characteristic seeds. Castor oil is found in topical wound care preparations, often combined with Peru balsam and trypsin.Glenn 2006, Gray 2004. This valuable oil has tons of uses for beauty and personal care. While Castor oil has numerous applications, today, we will discuss how we can use Castor … For example, castor oil was used in 769 cosmetic products during a time of analysis in 2002! Three other colleagues also very kindly contributed: Gemma Toothill took on the perilous task of cutting open and photographing the seeds of Ricinus communis, Mark Nesbitt specifically photographed some of the castor oil bottles in our Economic Botany Collections, and Andrew McRobb lent me some of his Ricinus photos. Thanks to the industrial qualities of castor oil, as John pointed out to me, we will no longer have to put buckets under the few leaks in the corridors of the Millennium Seed Bank when it’s raining. It is often used in lipstick and can be found under the name Ricinus communis (castor) seed oil on ingredient labels. Castor oil is essentially a triglyceride made from castor seed, which contains high amounts of ricinoleic acid. Historically, the oil-rich Castor seeds, or the “beans,” were traditionally used without their hulls as a method of birth control as well as a treatment for leprosy and syphilis. Learn side effects, uses, and more. Since ancient Greece the aromatic smelling castoreum was used both as an aphrodisiac (perfume) and medicinally, for example, as a laxative. Rounding up the list of castor oil uses is its antimicrobial effects on the body, which include antifungal, antiviral, and antibacterial properties. Castor oil is essentially a triglyceride made from castor seed, which contains high amounts of ricinoleic acid. Doctors used castor oil as medication for a variety of ailments. Pingback: Castor Oil for Hair Growth - Does It Really Work? This oil is used in lubricants, soaps, inks, varnishers, linoleum and a host of other areas. Castor seeds without the hull are used for birth control, constipation, leprosy, and syphilis. Extracted from the castor seed, you’ll find derivatives used often in the food industry and natural beauty products. Likewise, in Benito Mussolini’s fascist Italy (1930-1943) the paramilitary Blackshirts used castor oil for the very same purpose to deal with opponents of the regime. About Castor Oil. Being the only species of the genus, Ricinus communis is a pretty unique plant, and this holds true for many reasons, as you will discover. The vegetable oil comes from the pressing of the seeds of the castor oil plant and is a pale yellow color with a unique taste and odor. The brand name ‘Castrol’ proves that point and the high-performance engine oil ‘Castrol R40’ is even famed for the beautiful smell it bestows on car races. While castor oil uses in cosmetics create awesome skin care, you can use castor oil for skin by itself and get amazing results! Other benefits include birth control, care of your mouth, hair care, and skin. I want to thank my colleague John Adams who provided me the inspiration for this blog. Zinc and castor oil cream for adults and babies has been around for quite some time, but it seems to be rising in popularity once again.. More and more people are realizing the amazing properties of castor oil! Aside from the many castor oil uses for health, there are also several castor oil uses that are non-medicinal, such as the following: These seeds, which are known as castor beans, contain a toxic enzyme called ricin. Sadly, Markov must have died a very painful death. Hydrogenated castor oil (peg-40 hydrogenated castor oil) is one of its derivatives. Castor oil is often used to treat constipation. The most important use of castor oil is as a laxative to relieve constipation. – If you want to improve blood circulation, then use a mask with warm castor oil and tea tree oil. Most people know about the effects of castor oil which is why it makes a very funny joke when Tom the cat (as in the cartoon ‘Tom and Jerry’) is threatened with a bottle of castor oil by his owner Nancy, should he not stay in his bed. Besides treating constipation, castor oil is also used to start labour in pregnancy, and to start the flow of breast milk . Castor Seed Oil is one kind of essential oil that has many benefits. Acacia spp., Leguminosae), milkworts (Polygala spp., Polygalaceae), snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis, Amaryllidaceae), violets (Viola spp., Violaceae), greater celandine (Chelidonium majus, Papaveraceae), and some cacti (Cactaceae). Yum! Wolfgang Stuppy. Known as 'castor beans', the seeds of Ricinus communis, a member of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), are among the most infamous seeds in the world. [4] Castor Oil’s Long History of Cosmetic Use. A product of the latter kind has recently been used to seal the leaking rain gutters of the Millennium Seed Bank. Because castor oil has low molecular weight, it can be readily absorbed by the skin, hence providing multiple skincare benefits. Intake of single seed for children, and about 3-20 seeds for adult, can kill. Castor oil allegedly was a weapon in Cleopatra’s beauty arsenal — the Queen of the Nile is said to have used it in her hair and, some sources say, to brighten the whites of her eyes. A distinctive feature of Ricinus communis, its seeds are smooth, shiny and mottled in various shades ranging from white over beige, brown and maroon to grey and black. After the oils have been removed from the castor bean, the seed hulls are compacted into "cakes" which are used as high-quality fertilizer. Keep reading, and you will know about the different uses of castor oil to improve your life. The severe diarrhoea brought on by the ingestion of large amounts of castor oil led to dehydration which could ultimately cause death. Revolving around a humble seed, we cover nearly everything from seed morphology and digestive problems to the beautiful smell of racing car engines and James Bond-style murder. According to a 2004 report of the Centre for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University, among domestic livestock, horses are the most sensitive to ricin and can die from the ingestion of 4-7 seeds. The best recommendation is to use 100% organic, cold-pressed, hexane free castor oil for your eyes . There is a kind of castor oil that involves pressing organic seeds without having to add heat. Its boiling point is 313 °C (595 °F) and its density is 0.961 g/cm 3. When rubbed directly onto the skin, the ricinoleic acid is better able to penetrate deeper, helping to relieve inflammation in the tissues. Membership, Open today © Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ants, constipation, murder and the seeds of Ricinus communis. Castor oil, also known as ricinus communis, is a nutrient-rich vegetable oil that comes from castor beans. The fleece was then saturated with a solvent-free water-proofing resin made from sustainably produced castor oil. Castor oil is used as a laxative for constipation, to start labor in pregnancy, and to start the flow of breast milk. This oil is used in lubricants, soaps, inks, varnishers, linoleum and a host of other areas. When liquid is extracted from castor seeds (Ricinus Communis) a pale yellow liquid is collected – called castor oil. Keep reading, and you will know about the different uses of castor oil to improve your life. Originally native to East and Northeast Africa and the Middle East, the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) has spread throughout the tropics and has even become an invasive pest in places like Hawaii, South Africa, Australia and the Galapagos Islands. A fast growing tropical shrub that can reach a height of up to 5 m or more, it cannot survive our cold winters. For less severe cases, the topical application of castor oil will do the trick. • Mold inhibitor Underneath the brittle seed coat lies a soft, oily nutritious tissue called ‘endosperm’ into which the embryo (i.e. Castor Oil plants is a native of India,, which has passed into several other Indian languages. Castor Oil for Hair Growth - Does It Really Work. Numerous products from castor seeds; There are many products you can derive from the castor seed. Cell death leads to tissue necrosis which in turn can lead to organ failure and ultimately death. From folk healers to modern healthcare practitioners, castor oil is being used for centuries because of its many health benefits. Castor oil is simple to use and isn’t harsh on your skin, making it an excellent remedy for many different ailments. It is believed Castor seeds, and one might add the plant itself, was used in early Bible times, which the ancient Egyptians being its early major consumers. The oil that is stored in the endosperm of castor beans is meant to provide the embryo with energy during its germination. Castor oil is extensively used in food processing and packaging as a flavoring agent as well as a mold deterrent. The end use of the oil depends on the method of extraction [2]. Castor oil is pressed from the castor bean, which is actually a seed. Castor oil is mainly colorless or yellow in liquid. Open today By the baby plant) with its short axis and large but very thin and flat cotyledons (i.e. These ingredients include Cetyl Rinoleate, Ethyl Ricinoleate, Glyceryl Ricinoleate, Glyceryl Ricinoleate SE (SE stands for self-emulsifying, which means it contains a small amount of sodium or … Chickens and ducks are much more resistant and can allegedly take up to 80 seeds before they are knocked out. This includes many of the castor oil plant’s close relatives in the Euphorbiaceae family as well as other species from across the plant kingdom such as members of the legume family (most notably Australian wattles, i.e. The plant is grown, mainly, for its seeds which is used to make castor oil. Learn more about the various castor oil uses by reading the rest of this article. Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis). This means that the toxin will remain in the press cake and not cross over into the oil during the extraction process. After the oils have been removed from the castor bean, the seed hulls are compacted into "cakes" which are used as high-quality fertilizer. • Food additive The oil is derived from the seeds of the Castor plant (Ricinus communis) or it also has another common name – the seeds of the Palma Christi plant, also known as the palm of Christ and documentation of its use for medical purposes can be found as far back, as 1550 B. C., when the ancient Egyptians used it to treat eye irritation. You can leave it on overnight and rinse it in the morning, or you can also leave it for 15-20 minutes before rinsing it with water and shampoo. I would also caution against using the oil internally as it can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps, amongst other side effects. Being a seed morphologist, I have to perform an ‘autopsy’ on the seeds of Ricinus to see what’s inside. the first pair of leaves) is embedded. The sophisticated gun needed to launch the tiny pellet was built into the umbrella carried by the assassin, very much like one of ‘Q’s gadgets. I don’t have a morbid obsession with death but the story of the castor bean would be incomplete without revealing the pretty seed’s most lethal property. It is used as a lubricant in high-speed engines and airplanes, in the manufacture of soaps, transparent paper, printing-inks, varnishes, linoleum and plasticizers. It’s excellent for treating hair problems and nourish your hair naturally. It even comes in a range of different garden cultivars, for example ‘New Zealand Purple’ with dark red leaves. Castor oil was said to have unifying abilities with spirit, possibly connecting us with God. Oleate and linoleates are the other significant components. Aside from that, castor oil also contains high amounts of vitamin E, which is responsible for its positive effects on the hair and skin. Castor oil is a vegetable oil pressed from castor beans. Around the world, Castor Oil continues to be used both cosmetically and medicinally to repair hair, to soften and soothe skin, and to ease aches and pains. The derivatives of castor oil are widespread for industrial and household purposes. Castor oil is used as a laxative for constipation, to start labor in pregnancy, and to start the flow of breast milk. Cleopatra is reputed to have used it to brighten the whites of her eyes. Ardent consumers of castor oil need not worry about ricin. Some people apply castor seed paste to the skin as a poultice for inflammatory skin disorders, boils, carbuncles, pockets of infection (abscesses), inflammation of the middle ear, and migraine headaches. Castor Oil is extracted from the seeds of Ricinus communis, a castor oil plant. What is Castor OIl? After the elaiosome has been removed, the ants usually abandon the still viable seeds inside the nest or discard them outside the nest on the rich soil of the colony’s refuse piles. Usually, Castor oil is made from Castor seeds from the Ricinus communis plant. Dosages of castor seed oil vary considerably, with 5 to 120 mL reported as a single dose in the literature. Perhaps the most well-known is its laxative effect, but castor oil does much more than that. Did you know that a single castor seed is about 40 to 60 percent castor oil? Castor oil is commonly used as an additive in foods and skincare products. Are Vegetable and Seed Oils Bad for Your Health. Adding castor oil or its types in cosmetic products serve different purposes as well. That being said, it is effective for the treatment of ringworms, cysts, and warts, plus also helps in the healing of minor wounds and scratches. The Ebers Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian medical treatise believed to date from 1552 BC. Castor oil is a pale yellow liquid extracted from castor seeds (Ricinus Communis). It’s also been added to over 900 cosmetics, and may have many benefits for the skin. Where is it used? A lethal amount of ricin injected directly into the bloodstream causes severe internal bleeding followed by organ failure and death after 3-5 days of suffering. It is a triglyceride in which approximately 90 percent of fatty acid chains are ricinoleates. However, at least 6,000 years ago in ancient Egypt, humans had already discovered the usefulness of castor seed oil and took Ricinus communis into cultivation. It even has its use in medicine, providing amazing health benefits. • Component of plastic, rubber, varnishes, lubricant, paint, and dyes Castor oil also helps with the stimulation of elastin and collagen production. Lab experiments with human cell cultures have shown that penetration of just a single molecule of ricin into the cytoplasm of a cell is lethal. In ancient Egypt, the oil was used as fuel for lamps and to treat various ailments and skin conditions. The castor oil derived from castor seed is used in the production of paints, engineering plastics, and jet engine lubricants. By knocking them out, ricin and abrin act like a spanner thrown into the works of the cell. This close association of seeds and ants is called ‘myrmecochory’, which literally means ‘ant dispersal' (Greek: myrmêx, myrmêkos= ant; khôreô/chorein = to move, to disperse, to wander). Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil is a vegetable oil obtained from the seeds of the Ricinus communis plant. In absolute terms this means that between 3-8 (some suggest up to 20) seeds chewed and swallowed are needed to kill a human. In fact, a lot of castor oil users testify that castor oil is actually effective in managing their kinky hair, and even for the treatment of split ends and hair breakage. So, only castor seeds without the hull are used for producing oil. Frequent application of castor oil to your hair can help stimulate healthy hair growth. What Are The Health Benefits Of Castor Oil? Castor oil is a thick, odorless oil made from the seeds of the castor plant. So, you see, besides being a rich source of chemical compounds that have wide and diverse applications, castor plants are also an easy way to give your garden a splash of color and plumage! It’s also been added to over 900 cosmetics, and may have many benefits for the skin. It's unknown when people began actually using castor oil for hair use, but what is known is its increased popularity. When combined with ginger, castor oil can significantly reduce the number of bacteria growing in the mouth and can be helpful after oral surgery. Though, the heating method than castor oil undergoes deactivates it, enabling the oil to be used safely. It is also used as polymers for telecommunications and electronics. Castor is a plant that produces seeds (beans). Today castoreum (‘beaver juice’) is still used in perfumes, cigarettes, candies and ice cream. However, following the death of several thousand wild ducks due to castor bean poisoning in the Texas panhandle between 1969-1971, a scientific study from 1981 found that the LD50 (i.e. Native to Africa, India, and the Mediterranean region, the Castor plant, Ricinus communis in Latin, has spread throughout the world since ancient times. This can simply be done by applying castor oil to the body, since its low molecular weight gives it the ability not just to penetrate the skin but also reach the deeper organs of the body. As a Beauty Aid Castor bean oil and wax are used in many soaps, lotions and oils, and are also ingredients in some products used to treat skin rashes, sunburn and open sores. Indeed, the uses for castor oil go on and on. It also has omega-6 and omega-9 fatty acids, which help in boosting immunity and avoiding infections. by Sarah Laskow October 4, 2018. Historically, castor oil has been used as an effective laxative. Repeat this process in the morning and at nighttime for best results. Castor oil remains a popular natural treatment for common conditions like constipation and skin ailments and is used in many natural beauty products. The ants, irresistibly drawn to the fatty nutritious elaiosome, carry the seeds into their underground nests. Castor oil has traditionally been used as a remedy for treating various skin conditions and infections, relieving constipation, and increasing the health of hair. Botanically, it belongs to the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) which means it’s closest relatives include economically important plants such as the Para rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) and cassava (Manihot esculenta) as well as popular ornamentals such as poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) and crown-of-thorns (Euphorbia milii). When you think of castor oil, a bar of soap might come to mind. Oils from castor beans have been used for centuries. This blog is about their beauty, morphology and notoriety. Taken in moderation, castor oil does just that but an overdose will inflict explosive diarrhoea. Not that Ricinus communis has got anything to do with beavers. But the industrial applications of castor oil and its derivatives go far beyond lubrication. Native to India, this thick viscous oil has bragging rights as an old-fashioned natural remedy from your grandmother’s era. Castor oil makes them richer and more enticing for everyday application. Herodotus and other Greek travellers noted the use of castor seed oil for lighting, body ointments, and improving hair growth and texture. Notoriously famous for all the wrong reasons, ‘ricin’, as the toxin is called, ranks among the most poisonous substances found in nature, alongside abrin which is found in the seeds of the crab’s eye (Abrus precatorius, Leguminosae). It has been used in soaps, paints, perfumes, machine lubricants, as well as commercial cosmetics. Pressed from castor seeds found in the tropical Ricinus communis plant, castor oil is thicker and gloopier than, say, argan or coconut oil. By the way, ‘castor’ is Latin for ‘beaver’. Unfortunately, only a few healthcare practitioners use castor oil for inducing labor these days, since it has a nauseous effect on pregnant women. Our gardens are open for you to enjoy time in the fresh air. You can take advantage of the castor oil uses for hair by applying a pea-sized amount of castor oil on your hair and massaging it on your scalp. Either in form of pure organic castor oil, ricinoleate, or hydrogenated castor oil [2], this vegetable oil is a superb beauty ingredient.Find out how cosmetic use for castor oil works and what benefits it gives for each purpose. Both ricin and abrin are glycoproteins (= proteins coupled with sugars) that kill individual animal cells by blocking their ribosomes. It can also be used for providing relief for menstrual cramps, abdominal pain, and back pain. These provide hair the nourishment that it needs, and also stimulate blood circulation in the scalp. 10am–4.15pm (last entry 3.15pm), Tickets Perhaps the most famous of all the castor oil uses is its laxative effect for the treatment of constipation. They come in sets of three enclosed in soft-spiny capsules. Castor oil is created by extracting the oil from the seeds — also known as beans — of the castor oil plant. Castor oil is essentially a triglyceride made from castor seed, ... You may also use castor oil for thickening your eyebrows, as well as for darkening your hair color. Probably the most famous murder victim to be killed with ricin was Georgi Markov, a dissident Bulgarian writer who, at the time of his death in 1978, lived in London working for the BBC World Service. It can also be used to make your hair and skin more beautiful, as well as boost your immune system and help fight infections. Those with severe rheumatoid arthritis can ingest 2 tablespoons of castor oil mixed with a glass of water to soothe their pain. The benefits of castor oil on the hair can be credited to the fatty acids, vitamin E, and ricinoleic acid inherent in castor oil. In the mid eighteenth century the oil from the seeds of Ricinus was (re-)discovered to be a much better laxative than castoreum. It is also used for medicinal and lighting purposes. Castor oil is used in the manufacturing of paints, dyes, adhesives, inks, soaps, cosmetics, chocolate, hydraulic brake fluids, plastics, waxes, varnishes, sealants and synthetic resins. One teaspoon of castor oil taken daily for three consecutive days is enough to reap its laxative effects. A prominent critic of the then communist regime in Bulgaria, Markov was assassinated in true James Bond-style. Easily beating competition from the rather unspectacular wind-pollinated flowers, the most beautiful, interesting, useful and scariest part of the castor oil plant are its seeds, also called ‘castor beans’ (although they have nothing to do with real beans). A number of ingredients made from Castor Oil may also be used in cosmetic products. All the Very Bad Ways That Castor Seeds Have Been Used Not only does it taste gross, but castor oil was used as an instrument of political control for years. Some people ask whether or not Castor Oil (and its derivatives) contain the highly toxic compound ricin. The lower dose has been used as a purgative, and the higher dose has been used to induce labor. Castor oil is created by extracting the oil from the seeds — also known as beans — of the castor oil plant. Lots of other plants have seeds equipped with elaiosomes that pursue the same strategy. In the past, castor oil has been used to initiate the labor process for women who are already full term but are not yet experiencing contractions. Castor Oil benefits hair growth when applied externally, and taken internally on a regular basis, such as in the Gerson Cancer Therapy. There appears to be limited scientific research on the benefits of castor seed oil or Ricinoleic Acid in treatments for skincare. Countless other well renowned heroes and heroines of the ages used the oil. Castor oil is a very valuable oil that is produced on an industrial scale (about 300,000-500,000 tons per year), most of it in India, China and Brazil. We have some research backing its health effects. Castor oil is used in Ayurvedic medicine as a treatment for some eye diseases, such as cataract if it is caught in the early stages. Castor oil is a thick, odorless oil made from the seeds of the castor plant. They are used in different castor oil-based products rich in essential nutrients for keeping hair and skin healthy. According to studies, one of the castor oil uses is increasing the total number of lymphocytes and T-11 cells in the bloodstream, thus boosting the immune system. Within India, Gujrat is the largest producer of castor seed with a whopping share of 86% of the country’s total castor seed production. and with 'ricinus' being the Latin word for 'tick', it is pretty obvious where the castor oil plant got its scientific name from. So you must never use castor oil leaf or seeds to make your own remedies for internal use. As if its potential to inflict death by violent diarrhoea was not enough, the castor bean contains yet another, much more potent substance, the tiniest amount of which can kill man, beast and bug. The common name "castor oil", from which the plant gets its name, probably comes from its use as a replacement for castoreum , a perfume base made from the dried perineal glands of the beaver ( castor … Some used Castor Oil in the eyes to soothe irritation caused by dust or other particles; however, it is not advisable to use Castor Carrier Oil for any of these purposes. Castor oil has been used as medicine for centuries. Aside from that, ricinoleic acid also activates the prostanoid receptor in the uterus, hence making the delivery process easier. Castor Oil Uses. However, recent studies have shown that castor oil can be used to support the immune system, and an anti-inflammatory agent, antimicrobial agent, and lymphatic stimulant. The seeds’ shape is rather similar to a tick (e.g. You should always make sure that whatever oil you pick is hexane-free, organic, and preferably cold pressed.
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