The species best-known among herbalists is the homely but useful common mullein, V. thapsus. All rights reserved. Pistil a fused carpel. Common Name: Common Mullein, Flannel-plant, Woolly Mullein, Velvet-plant Each flower is itself only open for a couple of days, but the flowering stem as a whole can last for months. Menu. It was probably introduced into North America several times as a medicinal herb. Common mullein is a biennial plant that reproduces only by seeds and is a prolific seed producer. First year mulleins have low growing rosettes with alternate, bluish/gray-green leaves that range from 1-5 inches wide and 4-12 inches long. According to the U.S Forest Service, Invasive species have contributed to the decline of 42% of U.S. endangered and threatened species, and for 18% of U.S. endangered or threatened species. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), cliffs, balds, or ledges, meadows and fields, ridges or ledges ---Habitat---Verbascum thapsus (Linn. Show Native American healing traditions began to incorporate the herb into their repertoire as Eclectic physicians took note and used the plant for its demulcent qualities and as a mild nervine. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), cliffs, balds, or ledges, meadows and fields, ridges or ledges, Occurs only in non-wetlands. Scientific Name: Verbascum thapsus. Its small yellow flowers are densely grouped on a tall stem, which bolts from a large rosette of leaves. Specific epithet honors the ancient village of Thapsus (now in ruins) located near Carthage in modern day Tunisia. is shown on the map. Stem grey, felt-haired. It is met with throughout Britain (except in the extreme north of Scotland) and also in Ireland and the Channel Islands, on hedge-banks, by roadsides and on waste … NH, The Finnish name for the plant comes from the fact that in olden days they would be covered in pitch or tar and used as torches, and this is also the basis of its majestic old name ‘candela regia’, meaning ‘king’s candle’. Attempts were also made to smoke mulleins in pipes – the leaves were used like tobacco, apparently to help treat a cough because the species have a strong reputation for being able to cure lung diseases. state. County documented: documented Can you please help us? Verbascum thapsus ssp. 68(3): 919-927. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Blade elliptic–ovately elongated, blunt-tipped, both sides densely haired, with entire or shallowly toothed margin. UPL). Dark Mullein, Copyright: various copyright holders. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio, Outi Hovatta. In its native range, V. thapsus is commonly found on dry, rocky hillsides, disturbed areas and open woodland. The genus name Verbascum comes from the Latin word barbascum which means "bearded", in reference to the hairy stamen filaments of some species. [69385] 49. These flowers have five petals arranged in a leafy spike. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Common mullein, Verbascum thapsus, is a perennial herb that was first introduced into the United States in the mid-1700s by colonies in Virginia and was used as a … you. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. I Introduction. The Go Botany project is supported The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Discover thousands of New England plants. Distribution and habitat The plant has a broad Irano-Turanian distribution, as well as a broad Mediterranean distribution (stretching from the Mediterranean coastal regions to West and South Iran). It has a woolly stem which is erect, 2-6 feet tall, without branches. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). ), the Great Mullein, is a widely distributed plant, being found all over Europe and in temperate Asia as far as the Himalayas, and in North America is exceedingly abundant as a naturalized weed in the eastern States. the state. Calyx 5-lobed, densely haired. Take a photo and 1978). Leaves can also be used as a poultice to sooth sunburns and other skin irritaitions. in part by the National Science Foundation. Verbascum blattaria Figwort family (Scrophulariaceae) Description: This herbaceous biennial plant is 1½–3' tall and either unbranched or sparingly branched. (0.5-1.5 m) and a 140-day growing season. Gross, Katherine L. 1981. Verbascum thapsus (Common Mullein) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Verbascum thapsus: flowers dense, the axis of the inflorescence mostly concealed, and hairs of plant branched and eglandular (vs. V. blattaria, with flowers sparse, the axis of the inflorescence visible, and hairs of stem simple and glandular). Non-native: introduced All images and text © Family: Figwort Family – Scrophulariaceae. Verbascum thapsus is a biennial plant of the Scrophulariaceae family that produces a rosette of leaves in its first year of growth. in 20 years). We depend on Also covers those considered historical (not seen Great mullein’s relative dark mullein (V. nigrum) has violet-haired stamens, its leaves do not extend decurrently along the stem, and the plant is in general dark green. Found this plant? Purple Mullein, The plant begins as a rosette and leaves have a thick hair cover. The second-year plants normally produce a single unbranched stem, usually 1–2 m tall. Mullein is often found around inhabited areas. Edward G. Reekie, in Plant Resource Allocation, 1997. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Verbascum thapsus was introduced to the island of Hawai'i sometime around 1900 and has since spread into dry montane environments on the slopes of Mauna Kea, Mauna ha, and Hualdai volcanoes. On the Indian Ocean island of La Reunion (environmentally similar to Hawai`i), mullein has also recently become established in comparable montane zones. Colonization by Verbascum thapsus (mullein) of an old-field in Michigan- experiments on the effects of vegetation. Predictions of fate from rosette size in 4 "biennial" plant species: Verbascum thapsus, Oenothera biennis, Daucus carota, and Tragopogon dubius. → Verbascum nigrum x thapsus (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). ... European habitat. Verbascum thapsus is a member of the Figwort or Scrophulariaceae family. Species Epithet: thapsus. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. It is distributed in different areas of Pakistani like Kurram Agency, Dir, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Deosai, Baltistan, Drass, Ladakh, Hazara, Kashmir, Baluchistan and Punjab (Shinwari and Gilani, 2003). Biennials with large leaves and flowers in long terminal spikes changes dramatically in the eighteenth... Each plant, railway embankments, waste areas and distribution the common Mullein is an erect herb that also. 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